The religious ideological basis of many countries is Christianity, but spiritual and secular spheres are separated. The servants of the Church are first exposed to the Chief of the Church, the Pontiff. How independent is the spiritual power?
The clergy is first subordinated to the Supreme Patriarch because they are under his immediate subordination. Similarly, employees of any organization are directly subordinated to their director in their work. However, we must always know that the Patriarch of the Church is a spiritual father for all clergy and believers.
The Church is an institution established by God, but it also needs administrative departments, administrative and organizing activity to carry out its mission. With that perception, clergymen are subjected to the leader of the Church, but that subordination lies in spirituality and is according to church rules. However, spiritual obedience does not eliminate secular obedience or exclude obedience to the laics.
Thus, a clergyman may obey, for example, the lawful instructions of the policeman, the city authorities, and the state government. As the soul is more than the body, and everlasting is more than the temporal, so obedience to spirituality is more than obedience to worldly realities and rulers. But the apostles taught to obey every human authority, and Jesus Christ our Lord also said: “Render therefore unto Caesar the things
which are Caesar’s; and unto God the things that are God’s” (Matt 22:21, Mark 12:17, Luke 20:25).
Spiritual power, however, is not restricted only in the religious arena. As one of the Protestant writers said, to demand from Christianity to be restricted only in the religious sphere means to demand that Christianity commit suicide. As Christian principles, teachings, commandments are spreading on both ecclesiastics and laics, so the spiritual power in spiritual meaning spreads over everyone.