A special feature of the religion is conservatism. The science, on the contrary, makes a bold step forward. Don’t faith and science contradict each other?
Religion (here we are talking about Christianity), is conservative only in protecting high religious values and ideals and in preventing their distortion. Sometimes the concept “conservative” is viewed as regression, but it is not typical of Christianity.
On other issues, Christianity has always been modern, in each era bringing its admonitions and answers according to the Scriptures. Faith and science have never contradicted each other because almost all the great scientists of all times were believers in the sense that at least they acknowledged and declared the existence of a supernatural force.
If we take for example the period beginning with the Middle Ages to the present day, we see that all outstanding, prominent scientists were believers, if not in the Christian sense, but at least they believed in the existence of supernatural and thinking of the universe as being created by a supernatural intelligence.
For example, from Galileo to Newton and then in the 20th century Einstein and others have believed in the existence of God. And the Christian religion and science or its inventions did not have major discrepancies, inconsistencies; moreover, the religion provides more answers than the science about things and phenomena observed by him.
Science still can not fully explain the origin of the universe, the origin of life, but only puts forward theories that do not bring full answers. Scripture does not contradict the basic scientific opinions.
For example, the scientific theory about the gradual emergence and development of the world is relevant to the testimony of Scripture. The Bible speaks of the universe and the creation of the world during special days. But those days suppose some stages and not the days in twenty-four-hour duration, as we understand the idea of the day should be because in our conception the day is connected with the earth’s rotation relating the sun. The Bible also says that those days are symbolic periods because the Sun was created only on the fourth day (Gen. 1.16-19).
The contradiction between religion and science has been in the Middle Ages, particularly in western Europe. The clergy of the Catholic Church, because of their conservative views, have persecuted those, who had scientific opinions and burned them on the pyres of the Inquisition.
While in the Armenian life we see that the Armenian Apostolic Church was the cradle, sponsor, and promoter of science. And science, whether historiography, linguistics, mathematics, astrology, cosmology, etc., was developed in the bosom of the Church and by the clergy, as the fathers and teachers of the Church were developing different branches of science.