What are the basic moral values? How can we determine what is true, what is good and kind?
As “moral values” we understand the sublime ideas, commandments, teachings, which provide human moral, virtuous life and character. Spiritual and moral values, given by God, approved by Christ’s commandments and teachings, are such highest values. Other religions or state systems also have laws and orders, motivating for moral values, but the moral values of Christianity are far beyond others. Additionally, the laws of morality and virtue can be established more, but human potential is not sufficient for not only exemplary acting but also for their full implementation with purity of mind and heart.
Christianity speaks of divine grace, by which man, with his own will, by cooperating with divine Providence and support is able to live in a moral and virtuous manner and in the case of a misstep can be cleaned and repent for sinning. While only the establishment of the law does not give this grace and strength to man.
Compared to ordinary laws, the advantage of the Ten Commandments is especially seen in the last Commandment, which instructs not to covet someone else’s property, wife, servants and so on (Exodus 20:17).
The apostle Paul, speaking about this commandment, states that the sinful nature of lust would not have known if the law would not have said, Thou shalt not covet (Rom. 7:7).
Christianity transferred external manifestations, necessary for morality, into the inner expression, observing human sin in the spiritual inner world. Therefore, Christ considered the anger as to be equivalent to murder and looking at the woman – as adultery (Matthew 5:21-22, 27-28).
St. Nerses the Gracious in his twenty-four prayers, under the title “I confess with faith”, asks that God gives him the strength in order to keep the eyes from looking at vicious things, that the ears not to hear sinful, obscene, and evil words. Christianity puts moral principles even in the acts of listening and seeing, unlike other laws, which draw attention only on external actions, external behavior.
Today not only in communication with people but also often using the Internet, watching TV we are in front of the unwelcome fact, that was emphasized by Nerses the Gracious – the danger of seeing or listening obscene, sinful things. We must be vigilant: temptations, sinful scenes were seen in the whirl of everyday life, in today’s information and entertainment, but there is a difference between sudden having seen of these sinful scenes and the fact when a person approves these images and scenes, watching them with sinful pleasure, accepting them and whereby falling into sin.
Should parents, first of all, try to sow high moral values in their children?
It is the spirit that gives life (John 6:63). And how, according to this statement, the soul is more important than the body, so more diligence should be shown for spirituality. For this reason, the Church considers correct the baptism of children, parents’ caring for children’s spirituality since an early age.
From the religious point of view, it is not morality, but faith is the opposite of sin. And parents shouldn’t, first of all, try to give their children high moral teachings, that may seem incomprehensible to children, but parents should strengthen children’s faith. This review we see in the words of the аpostle Paul. “I have fed you with milk, and not with meat: for hitherto ye were not able [to bear it]” (1 Cor. 3:2).
If religion was only the moral requirements, then Christianity would become a common ethical or moral, ethical training system. Meanwhile, the strengthening of faith leads to the decisiveness of living according to noble, virtuous, and moral commandments of God and make worthy of the grace and the strength to live according to those commandments.
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